However, in relation to the studied years the monitoring epidemiologist has shown its effectiveness in the control of leishmaniose in the city. Word-key: Leishmaniose to tegumentar American, Flebotomneo, Epidemiologia. 1. Leishmanioses INTRODUCTION is antropozoonoses considered great problems of public health for presenting an important complex of illnesses, that possess high clinical specters and diversity epidemiologist. According to World-wide Organization of Sade (OMS), is esteem that 350 million people meet displayed to the risk, where approximately two million new cases appears to each year (Manual of Monitoring of the Leishmaniose American Tegumentar, 2007). The description of Leishmaniose American Tegumentar (LTA), date since the antiquity, in first century d. C., in Central Asia.
The injuries found in the sick people were nominated in accordance with region where if they found, for this reason the illness possesss some denominations (Lainson, 1997, cited for Magalhes, 2001). The name of the illness if of the one in homage to the Leishman researcher, that discovered the parasite in 1908. Some researchers since then come if pledging in the search to discover forms to brighten up the reverse speed-emergency of the LTA and the reason of the urbanization of the same one (Medeiros, 1999). For Coast (1998), the first reference in Brazil on the LTA is deduced through a done story of the trip of Frei Don Hipolyto Sanchez Rangel de Farias and Queiros, where it described in a book the mosquitos and its consequences for the human beings, calling it of leprosy. In recent years, the increase of the incidence of leishmaniose to tegumentar all in Brazil, gave in function of the ample diffusion of endemic diseases for all territory, becoming a problem of public health in our country. The LTA still is presented in the forms: cutaneous, mucous and cutaneous diffuse. These not treated manifestations if in time, can take the death of the acometido individual (Ashford 2000, Gontijo and Carvalho 2003, MS 2007 cited by Almeida, 2009).