The first mention of the development of beekeeping in Russia occur in the 10th century, ie, from the time of writing. From the ancient sources we know that in the ages 9-13, beekeeping has been one of the major industries. In the annals of describes numerous bortevye lands belonging to monasteries, nobles, princes and simple peasants. Board called duplyanoe tree in which bees are staged their homes, either individually cropped hollow, reinforced high on the trunk. Tipping on the same tree came to 5-7 and more.
Artificially hollowing hollows, farmers created a whole bortevye forest. Many families were kept on board the 200-500 with the bees. The richest meadows honey vegetation contributed to the huge collection of vintage. Sometimes found in the hollows of 15-20 pounds (240-320 kg) of a different honeycomb. There are entire forest communities in which focused solely on apiculture, they are called Bortnoe, Bortitsy, Troebortnoye, Medyn, Pchelinovka. Along with bortevym beekeeping actively developed and Kolodno. Hollows carved out of wood with bees, were mounted on to the stumps.
To do this, especially in the forest cut down, "excised" section of the forest. From this, such Kolodny farm later became known as hives. With the gradual destruction of large areas of forest, the man moved closer to the apiary his house, which contributed Development of beekeeping. The deck was more convenient to care for the bees to create favorable conditions for their existence. As a consequence, harvested honey began to increase. Beginning of Christianity, as well contributed to increased productivity of honey and wax. Monasteries and many dioceses had great bortnye and Kolodny grounds. The clergy, engaged in beekeeping, this is considered the holy thing. Russian backers bee considered Solovetsky monks, and Zosimus Sabbatius. Knowing and appreciating the honey for its medicinal and nutritional properties, our ancestors used it extensively in his life. In the old medical manual found dozens of recipes in the composition of which included honey and various herbs. The first, most famous book, by treatment with pcheloproduktsii, wrote Yefrosinya, daughter of Prince Vladimir Monomakh. On the shelves of pharmacies Zemsky honey sold as a medicinal means. Honey got on the table in human whole comb, it contained all the bee products: pollen, propolis, bee pollen, royal jelly, beeswax. This mix is truly a health elixir: gave life force, energizing it possible to cope with many diseases. During the meal the dish was always present "hlebovo" – pergovo – honeycomb crumbled into the water. Apparently, the name comes from the word hlebovo hlebina – so used to be called ambrosia. With the use of honey were prepared tryavyanye different teas, brew beer, confectionery. Wide popularity enjoyed drinking mead varying strength. The action of the drinking honey fundamentally different from other alcoholic beverages. Moderately drunk, he gave courage, cheerfulness, multiply the strength and health, without stupefying and unhealthy excitement of people. From this drink did not happen and a hangover headache. From 10 to 17 century was to Russia flourishing beekeeping. The richest forests, vast meadows with vegetation contributed to the collection of honey a huge crop. In the 13th century, honey, raw mined 20 million pounds per year, and reached to 18 to 24 million pounds (more than 380 thousand tons) per year. Brisk trade was not only domestically but also with other countries. Along with fur, Russia was the largest supplier of honey and wax to Western Europe, Greece, Venice. Only in Britain annually exported 50 thousand pounds of honey. Foreigners are often then called Rus' medotekuschey. " Company Tentorium.