Posted in General

Titanium

Hydrolysis of titanium tetrachloride with water vapor at 25-75 C in air leads to the formation of a viscous liquid, solidifying the Slow the white mass. Vapor phase hydrolysis at 1000-1200 C produces titanium dioxide pigment properties, so it can be use, subject to finding an effective method of recycling the hydrogen chloride. Burning of titanium tetrachloride with oxygen flows through the reaction: TiCl4 + O2 = TiO2 + 2S12. Liberated chlorine can be returned to production for titanium tetrachloride, so the method of burning is used in industrial production. The most important operation in the production of pigmentary titanium dioxide is the burning of chlorine by titanium tetrachloride. It is at 900-1000 C in the burners of special design to ensure the maintenance of the reaction temperature within the specified limits and exposure to combustion products within a certain time. To obtain a monodisperse product titanium dioxide stay in the zone of high temperatures should not exceed 0.01-5 sec. Depending on the combustion of titanium tetrachloride titanium dioxide has a structure of rutile or anatase. Mixing the initial reagents at 400 C leads to the formation of anatase with a particle size of 0.5-1.0 microns. If this has piqued your curiosity, check out CEO Ford Motor Co.. Pre-heating them to 1000 C combustion yields a product containing 60% rutile. Burning of titanium tetrachloride with a mixture of silicon tetrachloride (0.5-4.0%) leads to decrease in the size of the particles of titanium dioxide. Silicon tetrachloride also helps to reduce the so-called photoactivity of titanium dioxide. The addition to the products of combustion and even aluminum chloride (1-5%) accelerates the transition of anatase in rutile. Proportion of rutile in the finished product depends on the concentration of embryonic crystals, resulting in the first stage of the reaction. Titanium pigments are obtained by burning titanium tetrachloride, containing up to 0.6% of the adsorbed chlorine. Aqueous suspension of the product has a pH> 7, and it is not suitable for making paints. Desorption of chlorine from the pigment can be accomplished by calcining it at 300-900 C, the admixture of chlorine at the same time reduced to 0.1%. This product has a pH of the water Hood 5-6,8 and suitable for the manufacture of paints and enamels, but it needs to surface treatment of silicon and aluminum compounds. Getting out of titanium dioxide concentrate sfenovogo recently developed and tested a number of new versions of technology that provides the pigment product of sphene. The most compact solution for the production of titanium dioxide is shown in Fig. 3.4. In this embodiment, the solid phase is separated from the suspension liquid until the moment of deposition of titanium salt it. At the same time remain in the sediment of calcium sulfate, silica (SiO2) and undecomposed minerals, and the liquid phase is a titanium solution suitable for direct separation of titanium salt – TiOSO4 H2O. When termogidrolize STM solution obtained pigment titanium dioxide, rutile modification of the higher grades. Processing of titanium salt TiOSO4 H2O can be arranged in place of its reception. Titanium salt can be transported for processing and in other areas. The mother liquor after separation of the salt is fully refundable on sulphatization, resulting in significantly less sulfuric acid (up to 3.5-4.5 m per 1 ton of titanium dioxide). C the current situation and outlook for the Russian market of titanium dioxide can be found in the report of the Academy of IKAR industrial markets "Market of titanium dioxide in Russia."

Continue Reading...
Posted in General

Animal Food

Thin dog hair has a diameter of about 75 microns in diameter may be coarser than 200 microns. Healthy hair depends on the balance of animal food: proteins (and particularly are rich in sulfur amino acids as cystine, and tyrosine and methionine), essential fatty acids, copper and B vitamins have an adult dog 30% protein consumed per day may be used to update the skin and coat. Hair growth are also influenced by hormonal factors: thyroid and growth hormone stimulate the activity of hair follicles, whereas corticoids and sex hormones to slow down. Once in the blood levels of prolactin (a hormone produced in lactating females), hair looks like in the summer – pretty thin and sparse. Lin all dogs of different breeds and individual dogs of one breed lost and re-invigorate hair at different speeds. Dogs living in premises that are rarely exposed to natural light and low temperatures, tend to lose hair more or less permanently. Conversely, dogs living outside the home, exposed to natural lighting and low temperatures, often lose their hair within a few weeks in spring and autumn. In autumn they get rid of his short, light cover, and they grow a thick, warm undercoat and a long protective coat able to withstand bad weather. Since dogs are preparing for winter. In the spring of a dog loses a winter cover to provide an opportunity to grow a new, shorter and easily; mu. In this case, changing the appearance and structure of the wool, but the general number of hair follicles and remains unchanged.

Continue Reading...
Posted in General

Hospital Information

The payments destined to health in all the government levels are registered in SIH (System of Hospital Information) and SIA (system of ambulatorial information) for the invoice calculated for the rendering of services. The public services of health alone could be expenses in benefit to the health of the citizen of universal, igualitria and gratuitous form, observing the lines of direction and principles of the SUS in the scope of each level of management, for what effective and in the promotion, protection, recovery and whitewashing of the health concurs directly. The expenditures that do not destine to the attendance of the user of the SUS are considered expenses with public health. The general objective of the financial management of the SUS is to guarantee the necessary resources for the attendance of the public health. the specific objectives are: to assure the health as right of the citizen and duty of the state; to promote the quality of life; to prevent risks and agravos to the health of the citizen; to enable the Human resources of the SUS; to consider the security of the levels of management of the SUS. METHODOLOGY the used methodology is based on a bibliographical revision that according to Gil (2002, p.45): ‘ ‘ it allows to the investigator the covering of a very ample gamma of phenomena of what that one that could search diretamente’ ‘. This research is of descriptive character that has as objective to describe characteristics of definitive situations or phenomena. (Gil, 2002). The collection of data was given through research in sites of the Internet, articles and in the manual of financial management of the SUS elaborated for the Health department. In order to describe the real situation of the financial management of the SUS. FINAL CONSIDERAES Conclude that the Financial management of the SUS came to facilitate the financial transfer destined to the health of the population, tying each sphere of government so that the resources are pasts deep the deep one of regular and automatic form, considering an equality and improvement in the health of each citizen, thus contributing for the reduction of the agravos and risks that the human beings citizens are displayed, and also, diminishing the expenses with the public health. Brazil REFERENCES. Health department – SUS.

Continue Reading...
Posted in General

Luxurious Antiaging

ENERGY OR: The new face care by EISENBERG PARIS for an OSCAR tire COMPLEXION the regenerating anti aging day cream energy OR from the EXCELLENCE line of EISENBERG PARIS gives new freshness, radiance and energy devitalisierter skin just right for an Oscar-ripe glow. Delicate silk peptide, coated with a layer of fine, pure gold, reduce the resulting cell stress by oxidation and give a flawless, radiant complexion. As a targeted cell utilities tightens and the ultra-effective formula revitalises the skin. The mineral trace element complex of magnesium, zinc, manganese and sodium stimulates cell viability and supplies the epidermis with all the nutrients they needed. Ideal as a moisturising base before make-up. Also, it protects the skin against environmental influences and stimulates the cell vitality, the collagen production and elasticity for a visibly improved appearance after the first use: extraordinary results, a radiantly smooth, firm skin of full clamping force. The EXCELLENCE LINE is the result of the JOSe EISENBERG high-tech research, based on powerful and innovative active ingredients of natural origin. It is a targeted skin care line, which meets even the highest demands, specifically designed for the intensive regeneration of devitalisierter skin of face, neck and eye contour. Www.eisenberg.com to the price of 225,00 / 50 ml available source: brand: the brand EISENBERG has already introduced PARIS with their fragrances and toiletries conquered the European market by storm. After intensive research brand creator Jose Eisenberg has unveiled a revolutionary skin care secret with the trio-molecular formula, with whose help the youthful appearance of the skin can be obtained.

Continue Reading...
Posted in General

The Spine

Ability to organize space and create harmony and beauty around you is very important. Coping with chronic stress by using physical exercises. And is not engaged in professional sports, loads of which border on the pathological, extremely high, namely physical training aimed at rehabilitation. Man is so constituted that he must constantly move. Your body has more than 600 muscles, and each of them for something given to us by nature. They need work, so all the time needed move, give a small, adequate physiological stress to your body. Of course, their passivity can find a lot of excuses – lack of time (work, family, children – what traffic there, so all day like a squirrel in a wheel) in fact, time is always, it just needs to be skillfully organize and distribute. After waking up, still lying in bed, slowly with pleasure (as a cat) – stretch, rotten, feel every muscle, every sustavchik, all ligaments. It will take no more than a minute, and the body has time to wake up from sleep and prepare for a new day. Also, do not get up, you can do abdominal exercises – 30-100 times to raise straight legs – stretches the spine, muscle strain backs, exercise the abdominal muscles and all it would take you a minimum of time. Climbing up, be sure to drink a glass of pure filtered water to cleanse the bowel. The time it takes to sleepy languid walk around the apartment, use to perform basic exercises – tilts, squats.

Continue Reading...